ABSTRACTS, KEYWORDS AND E-MAIL ADDRESSES OF AUTHORS OF THE MAGAZINE «TODAY AND TOMORROW OF RUSSIAN ECONOMУ» № 33, 2010
EVOLUTION OF «INFORMATION» CONCEPT: HISTORY AND MODERNITY
In the article alternative approaches to the information concept as cybernetic, philosophic, general scientific and economic category, are presented. Author traces an evolution of the term “information”, analyses works of Russian and foreign authors related to this topic, proves a hyphotesis, according to which information is described as an independent economical resource.
Key words: economic resources, information as an economic resource, informational society.
ECONOMIC INSTRUMENTS OF INVESTMENT ACTIVITY OF STOCK COMPANIES
Achievement of competitive advantages and recovery from crisis in present-day conditions is impossible without development of investment activity based on interaction of both material and non-material resources including rise of human resources quality and role of the state is in regulating these processes.
Key words: Russia, еconomy, investment activity, stock company, economic instruments, the principle of multiplier, state regulation, economic-organizing instrument of investment, restricting, crisis, innovations, limited efficiency, target preferences, progress of economy, interaction of resources.
CONTENT AND DATA OF POPULATION LIFE QUALITY IN MODERN MARKET ECONOMY
In the article alternative approaches to defining a life quality concept are presented, figures of its dynamics are proved. Authors defines population life quality as a complex of long-term contracts (obvious and unobvious) on a topic of specific assets for the purpose of reproduction of local and national pure goods, approval mechanism of which assumes using a third party — government or non-profitable organizations on their comparative advantage basis — as a guarantee of terms of agreement adherence, that will lead to relative resolution of a distributing conflict.
Key words: population life quality, part contracts, macroeconomic instability, social indicators, institutional design, human potential development index.
INSTITUTIONAL DESIGNING OF LIFE QUALITY IN CONDITIONS OF MACROECONOMIC INSTABILITY
In the article key directions of institutional designing of life quality factors in the downward wave of macroeconomic cycle are presented. These factors include the foundation and implementation of social state policy, based upon social justice and responsibility principles, the support for forming institutions of corporative social responsibility in society (social group), monitoring of environmental state and designing measures for prevention of its deterioration; the control of quality of educational services and redistribution of economic-social responsibility for implementation of social guarantees between state, corporations and households in the direction of expanding of responsibility of business societies.
Key words: macroeconomic instability, social indicators, institutional design, social responsibility, social guarantee, aiding and social security, government social policy, population life quality.
SOCIAL FACTORS OF ECONOMIC SECURITY OF THE STATE SUMMARY
This article is devoted to the consideration of questions regarding the maintenance of economic security of the state in modern global economy. The quality of human resources is a defining factor in competition and innovative development. The special attention in the article is diven to disclose the social factors of economic security. Some of these factors are the following: formation of middle class, the politics in sphere of social-labor relations, development of social sphere, demographic politics.
Key words: middle class, social-labor relations, social sphere
ECONOMIC ESSENCE AND PLACE OF QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN THE ORGANISATIONAL MANAGEMENT STRUCTURE
In the article an essence of quality management system as the part of general enterprise management, as one of its functions is described. Author eliminates two methods of products quality management at the enterprise: first includes a distinct distribution of functions and tasks of products quality management between existing departments and workers in a situation of absence of special management unit; second assumes organizing of a special unit — quality management department that will provide an implementation of general products quality management function.
Key words: innovational development of an economic system, competitive advantage, quality management system, process-oriented approach, production and customer aspects of quality, international quality standards, technical regulation.
ALTERNATIVE APPROACHES TO ECONOMIC ESSENCE OF PRODUCT QUALITY
In the article quality management system approaches evolution in Russian economic literature are reviewed, also advantages and disadvantages of alternative views to product quality are identified. Author outlines the producers’ and consumer’s aspects of product quality as linked components of reproduction process. The improvement of useful product features according to consumer requirements and minimal expenses in production and consuming is reviewed as form of socially requested product quality
Key words: competitive advantages, quality management system, process-oriented approach, production and customer aspects of quality, international quality standards, technical regulation.
Ngyen huu Binh
THE PERFORMANCE VIETNAM’S BANKING SECTOR
This paper provides a analysis of the Vietnam’s banking sector performance Today, in the post — WTO accession period.
Key words: assets, deposits, credit, debit, foreign banks, state owned commercial banks.
ANALYSIS OF ACHIEVEMENTS OF CHINA AND RUSSIA IN ESTABLISHING NATIONAL INNOVATION SYSTEMS
The article deals with the problems of innovation systems for national economy. The author has generalized the existing tendencies and regulations in the construction of national innovation systems in the Peoples Republic of China and the Russian Federation. He has determined their basic initial points and perspectives of development in order to provide specific conditions for sufficiency of application of intellectual activity results in the national economy of the country.
Key words: national innovation system, state monitoring of innovation processes, state scientific and technical policy, world technological zone, technological parks, business incubators.
CONSTRUCTIVISM AND ITS ROLE IN POSTMODERNISM INTERPRETATION OF NATIONALISM
The author analyzes the nature of nationalism from the standpoint of constructivism. In this case, based on the works of a number of leading in this area of expertise of scientists, he reveals the process of constructing knowledge; shows relations between the concepts of the nation, state, politics and nationalism, defines the role of national elites in the process of constructing the nation.
Key words: nation, constructivism, modernism, social processes.
TAXATION IN THE SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES OF RUSSIA
In the new Russia’s law on special economic zones, contains a single legal basis for the establishment and functioning of special economic zones. However, in Russia there is no positive experience of the functioning of special economic zones. In the scientific literature is not explored the issues of taxation in the special zones. The practice of taxation of residents of special zones is to provide tax relief without analyzing the consequences of their use and feasibility of providing. Do not studied the issues of tax administration residents of special zones are not defined approaches to tax control. In this regard, this article summarizes current practice and studied the taxation of residents of industrial-production and technology-innovative special economic zones on certain taxes.
Key words: the free customs zone, special economic zone, resident of industrial-production special economic zone, resident of technology-innovative special economic zone, tax credit, warranty against adverse changes in tax legislation («grandfather» clause).
THE BASIC PROBLEMS OF ATTRACTION OF POPULATION SAVINGS ON THE RUSSIAN STOCK MARKET
Article contains the description of the problems connected with attraction and service population of population savings by brokers and asset managers. At the article the author states the own point of view by definition of a place of the specified problems and their role in economy of Russia. The article contains the description of the basic problems, their economic consequences. In article the series of measures on improvement of a current situation is offered.
Key words: investment savings of the population, stock market (share market), financial crisis, investment, source of financial resources, money resources, income, consumer purposes, negative factor, risky investments, bank sector, real estate, trust management, share investment fund, general fund of bank management, stock exchange, internet economy, economic functions, market segment, investments, costs.
Goryacheva О., Rostovtseva O.
ACCOUNTING FOR ECONOMIC ENTITIES’ INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY (METHODICAL BASES)
The subject of accounting for economic entities’ innovative activity is specified in this article. The classification of objects of financial and management accounting is presented.
Key words: innovations; accounting; classification of objects.
Abdulgalimov A.M., Guseynov S.O.
PROBLEMS OF TAX REGULATION OF AN INVESTMENT ACTIVITY OF THE REAL ECONOMY AND WAYS OF THEIR SOLVING
The present article is concerned with methodological problems of tax regulation of an investment activity of the real economy and ways of their solving.
The factors influencing on the tax regulation process of the investment activity of the commercial entities are defined.
The reasons of underdevelopment of the Russian system of tax incentives for investment activity of the entities are determined. Contradictions and limitations of the existing tax incentive system are discovered for evaluation of a mechanism of tax regulation of investment and scientific activity of the Russian entities.
The basic tax methods are defined that support influx of financial investments in an investment sector and are based on a liberal fiscal policy, reduction of the entities’ profit tax rates and restructuring of the tax base through a real elimination of the capital invested in development and modernization of production from taxation.
Key words: taxes, investments, regulation, tax incentives.
Abdulgalimov A.M., Alieva D.A.
strong>ASSESSMENT OF INFLUENCE OF THE TAXATION SYSTEM ON EFFICIENCY OF SMALL BUSINESS MANAGEMENT
The present article discloses an influence of different taxation systems on efficiency of small business management. On the basis of analysis of the tax regimes operating in the territory of the Russian Federation the assessment is given to each of them.
It was established that, in spite of insignificant role of special tax regimes in budgeting, simplified taxation systems may exist provided that they stimulate production of goods and services and have no problems with payment.
For comparative assessment of taxation systems an operating procedure is proposed an implementation of which allows business entities to choose an optimal taxation system in existing conditions.
It was proved that for a taxpayer a standard taxation system is the most burdensome which makes it unprofitable for small business development and unattractive from the point of view of tax management.
From the point of view of tax management the taxation system of imputed income is the most profitable.
Key words: taxation system, tax regimes, small business, simplified taxation system, tax management.
A FEW ASPECTS OF ENTREPRISE’S FINANCIAL RESOURCES EFFICIENCY INCREASING
The paper analyses role and influence of financial planning in financial resources efficiency increase in case of current global economical depression. The first condition of financial resources efficiency is a detailed accounting system in terms of financial resources which means the use of budgeting as a managerial technology. The second condition for effective financial management is making correlation between the source of financial resources and the investments made with them.
Key words: financial resources, budgeting, efficiency, own capital, debt capital, invested capital, capital.
BALANCED FIGURES SYSTEM AS THE BASIS FOR ENTERPRISE STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT
In the article analysis of balanced figures systems and its main components as an instrument of strategic management process improvement is defined. The key idea of the method is presentation of organizational strategy as four interrelated perspectives that reflect different activity aspects: financial aspect, clients aspect, inside processes, education and growth.
Key words: Keywords: balanced scorecard, strategic management, financial aspect, clients aspect, business process, education and growth.
THE NATURE OF COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY: MARKET CONDITIONS
The research of characteristic features of manufacturing industry enterprises in market competition conditions: the more precise basic factors and problems.
Key words: сompetiteve advantages, the types of competiteve advantages, the factors, which define сompetition characteristics of business economic-practical mechanism.
COMPETITIVE ECONOMIC-PRACTICAL MECHANISM OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES IN THE REGION
Practical analysis of the market economic-practical mechanism development of the manufacturing food industry in the region (conditions of globalized economy).
Key words: competition, competitive economic-practical mechanism, food industry, conditions of globalized economy
Turkov A., Santalova M.
THE ESTIMATION OF ECONOMIC- PRACTICAL MECHANISM COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGES
The basic indexes of economic- practical mechanism estimation in the article are presented. The estimation of competitive characteristics defined more exactly
Key words: the methods of competition estimation, competition market map, the development of competitive economic-practical mechanism, competition advantages, the theory of economic-practical mechanism effectiviness
RISKS OF PRIVATE PUBLIC PARTNERSHIP IN THE FUEL ENERGY COMPLEX
This paper is devoted to describing the main investment risks concerning the private-public partnership projects of the energy area.
Key words: fuel energy complex of the Russian Federation, private-public partnership, risks
SOME ASPECTS OF COMPANIES’ COMPETITIVENESS DEVELOPMENT ON THE BASIS OF MANAGEMENT TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION
The paper deals with some aspects of Russian enterprise’s competitiveness development by means of company internal payment system implementation. Internal payment system is supposed to be applied in case of certain level of autonomy within enterprise and should lead to increase of their efficiency. This last efficiency increase is the result of competitiveness within one whole social-economic system.
Key words: efficiency, social-economic system, internal self-financing of enterprise, competitiveness.
INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE AS A PART OF CLUSTER MANAGEMENT
In the article an essence of cluster system according to different economic schools concepts is educed; it is defined that small enterprises are indispensable element of industrial clusters. As an advantage of clusters systems author marks Russian products competitive ability upsweep; national economy regulation reinforcement and government programmes efficiency upsweep; stable economic growth stimulating. As part of clusters formations author marks the following: strong, stable, potential and latent clusters.
Key words: cluster formation, strong, sustainable, potential and latent cluster, intercluster cooperation, government regulation of cluster formations, national economy competitiveness.
Zaripov R.H., Ahmadeeva G. CH., Mingaleev G.F.
THE TYPICAL PROGRAM INNOVATIVE SCIENTIFICALLY-EDUCATIONAL CENTER OF ORGANIZATION OF THE HIGH TECHNOLOGY MACHINE-BUILDING MANUFACTURE
The successful organization of the high technology mechanical engineering, according to the author, in many respects contacts today joint activity of the scientifically-educational centers in priority directions of development of national the research university and branch ministries, that provide coordination of working out and realize the industrial policy of regions of the Russian Federation.
In the article is offered the typical program of work of the scientifically-educational centre on introduction of tools of the organization of effective manufacture and an information technology at the high technology enterprises Republic Tatarstan.
Key words: Keywords: machinery-building complex of Tatarstan Republic, product competitiveness, innovation projects, typical workprogram of science and educational center, efficient production and informational technology organizational instruments, science intensive enterprises.
REALIZATION OF SYSTEM-SYNERGIC APPROACH TO THE MECHANISM OF INNOVATION PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN ENGINEERING COMPLEX OF MODERN RUSSIA
In this work a necessity of forming synergic effects in innovation projects realization is proved. Authors’ view of innovation project as project, planned for systematic implementation, united by common goals and bounded to specific timing of work complex and measures for implementation, manufacturing and promotion to market of results of technical-scientific measures with established requirements for quality of results and specific organization, is reviewed.
Keywords: economic systems modeling, synergetic approach, non-linearity, multiple variations, economic systems development alternatives, development uncertainty, innovation project, innovation of growth and innovation of development.
SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY PROGRESS FOR ORGANIZATION’S COMPETITIVENESS
The paper deals with some aspects of Russian companies competitiveness which is bound to be based upon the use of science and technology recent results. Currently science and technology becomes one of the main factors of social-economic systems development which leads to the need of taking this issue into account while forming enterprise’s strategy in terms of competitiveness. In the meantime IT-technology which arouse informational economy are becoming the key factor of long-term organizational competitiveness.
Key words: competitiveness, science and technology progress, IT-technologies, regional enterprises.
FEATURES OF THE ECONOMIC SECURITY OF THE NORTHERN REGIONS OF THE COUNTRY: THE MAIN FEATURES
In the article was made an attempt to pick out the characteristic features of northern region`s economic safety. These features are defined by marking out the problem zones of socio-economic situation and by the role of northern regions in ensuring of the national state`s security.
Keywords: economic security, socio-economic development, the northern regions, the national security.
Pchelkin V.A., Maksimova D.A., Eremenko M.M., Kostenko E.M.
THE COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF WAYS OF SOLVING HOUSING PROBLEM IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND REPUBLIC OF BELARUS AND THEIR SOCIAL CONSEQUENCES
The Research of reproduction of housing resources covers 30 federal subjects of Russian Federation, including the Central and The Far-Eastern federal regions and Pribaikalye Territory, that includes Irkutsk Region, the Republic of Buryatia and Transbaikal Territory and also all regions of the Republic of Belarus. The issue focuses on comparative analysis on the ways used by countries to solve the housing problem. The research demonstrates the difference between Russian and Belarusian approaches. The Russian approach focuses on market mortgage, and the main feature of Belorussian approach is preferential crediting. The distinction between the approaches deals with the difference of socio-economic models and also the differences in economic mechanisms, and government policies of both countries.
Keywords: mortgage, preferential crediting, economic mechanism of reproduction of housing resource, social habitation.
A FEW ASPECTS OF REGIONAL CRISIS MANAGEMENT OF BANKING INDUSTRY
The paper analyzes specific features of banking development and suggest main methods of regional government regulation of the studied sphere within crisis period. Analysis of banking dynamics had revealed that there are three main reasons of bank crisis: social, economic and political and all of them are to be taken into account within crisis regulation on regional level. Regulation itself should be a mixture of administrative and market instruments but the last are to have priority.
Key words: banks, regional economy, crisis management, economic crisis.
TOURISM AND RECREATION INDUSTRY EFFICIENT DEVELOPMENT: REGIONAL ASPECT
The paper deals with some aspects of tourism and recreation regional development as an instrument of leading Russian economy to innovation path which means this industry need active regional government regulation. The analysis of tourism dynamics had shown that this industry is a highly developing one and is nowadays playing an important role in world economy and its subsystems. At the same time tourism and recreational services are specific which means that one is to be understanding customer features on the studied market which can be most clearly seen on regional level.
Key words: tourism and recreation industry, regional economy, tourism marketing, tourism and recreation industry resources.