ABSTRACTS, KEYWORDS AND E-MAIL ADDRESSES OF AUTHORS OF THE MAGAZINE «TODAY AND TOMORROW OF RUSSIAN ECONOMУ» № 36, 2010
THE STATE IN A MODERN MARKET ECONOMY
The article explains the role, place and function of the state in the modern market economy. The author clarifies procedures and mechanisms for the state economic and social policies. He describes the particular implementation of the stabilization functions as well as allocation of resources and distribution of incomes in Modern Russian Federation. A special place is given to description of the main approaches of the state policy in the sphere of public expenditures for social purposes.
PUBLIC POLICY IN PRODUCTION AND DISTRIBUTION OF NATIONAL PRODUCT
Under the public good the author refers to the gross national product (GNP). The market value of all final goods and services produced within the country, using both foreign and domestic factors of production. In this article the author examines the role and functions of the state in the production and distribution of social wealth in different models of social and economic development of society. Particular attention is paid to consideration of the main approaches to the implementation of social policy in Russia.
Key words: production and distribution of social wealth; functions of the state of the economy; liberal and egalitarian income distribution, social policy and social standards, reducing disparities in income levels.
SPECIFICITY OF THEORETICAL APPROACHES TO PROBLEMS OF ANTI-CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN MODERN CONDITIONS
In the article the author systematizes the basic concepts of anti-crisis management with reference to home economy, analyses different points of view on a problem of anti-crisis management, reveals their common features and distinctions, gives reason for the point of view through a prism of the major principles of an anti-crisis policy in the conditions of modern financial crisis.
Key words: concepts of anti-crisis management, system of anti-crises management, bankruptcy, estimation of a financial condition, audit, financial improvement, principles of anti-crisis management.
COMPETITION AS THE FACTOR OF MAINTENANCE OF ECONOMIC SAFETY
The economic success is frequently estimated by criterion of damage of the competitiveness. The competition can be included in number of factors of economic safety. In the article consider the measures of economic policy, promoting to achievement of a high level of economic safety, to its development and to increase of competitiveness of the Russian economy, while transition to innovative type of development.
Key words: competition, competitiveness, economic security, risk-generating factors, institutional environment, economic security levels indicators.
e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
MODEL OF AUGMENTATION OF CAPITALS
The article contains the presentation of new elaborated production function and comparison of its results with well-known empirical function of Wiksell-Коbbа — Douglas based on the statistical data of gross national product of the USA from 1929 till 2009. Keywords: gross national product, production function, model of the economy.
Key words: gross national product, production function, economic model.
ROLE OF NETWORK FORMATIONS IN MODERN RUSSIAN ECONOMY
In the article it is revealed that nowadays investment operations activation of integrated business structures is one of the most essential factors of development and effective usage of industrial capacities; directions of integrated business structures are defined; network formations competitive advantages are justified; network formations types are defined.
Key words: network structures, macroeconomic unsteadiness, integrated business structure, transaction costs, contract, interfirm network formation, competitive advantage, integration formation.
GOVERNMENT REGULATION FORMS OF INTELLECTUAL RENT CREATION AND DISTRIBUTION WITHIN CONTEMPORARY ECONOMY
The paper describes theoretical approaches to intellectual rent quantitative estimation, defines the limits of government interference in education as well as in the processes distribution and assumption of income from intellectual actitivy and innovations.
Key words: intellectual rent, competitive advantages, innovational development, innovator, institutional structure, transaction costs, neoeconomy, intellectual resources, investment effect, social effect.
GNOSIOLOGY ECONOMIC RELATIONS OF SUBJECTS IN THE MARKET OF THE LAW-ENFORCEMENT GOODS AND SERVICES
Given article is devoted the analysis of economic mutual relations in the market of the law-enforcement goods and services. In work new approaches to the analysis of economic relations of subjects of a law-enforcement commodity market and services also are formed.
Key words: the Market of the law-enforcement goods and services, economic relations.
CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF MUNICIPAL ADMINISTRATION
The article examines the theoretical conceptions of municipal administration as a special type of management, brings to light its characteristics, notion, essence, goals, objectives, subjects, objects of management. The author makes a conceptual distinction between the terms «local government», «Municipal Administration», «Municipal Management».
Key words: administration, local government, Municipal Administration, corporate economy.
TRENDS AND PATTERNS OF TRANSFORMATION OF THE ECONOMIC SYSTEM AS THE BASIS FOR THE EVOLUTION OF INVESTMENT RELATIONS
Article is devoted to trends and patterns of development investment relations in the Russian economy. This issue is considered in the context of the transformation of economic relations. The article provides a critical analysis of literature. In this regard, the author showed his vision algorithm for choosing the direction of socio-economic system.
Key words: investment relations, transformation, infrastructure, state, trends, structural changes, economic policy.
COMPETITIVE MARKET STRATEGIES ADAPTING FOR THE REAL ECONOMIC SECTOR ENTERPRISE’S IN RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The paper states principles of strategic planning and analyzes possibility of basic market strategies (costs leadership strategy, products differentiation strategy, concentration (focusing) strategy) implementation aiming towards use of enterprise’s comparative advantages and strengths. Within those basic strategies different strategic alternatives can be implemented. The author proves that each of those basic strategies has a number of implementation alternatives while strategic alternatives especially in case of financial crisis are to be aiming at enterprise’s creditworthiness rebuilding.
Key words: strategic management, BCG matrix, market strategies, costs leadership strategy, products differentiation strategy, concentration (focusing) strategy, strategic alternatives.
THEORETICAL BASIS OF EFFICIENT INVESTMENT DEMAND RESEARCH WITHIN ECOLOGY- ECONOMICAL SYSTEM
The paper deals with author’s explanation of essence and resources of efficient investment demand. The essence of ecologizaition process of entrepreneurial relationship is defined as well; institutional environment of ecological products and services is searched which allowed to estimate influence of business structures ecologization process onto investment attractiveness of entrepreneurial community.
Key words: ecological-economical system, investment demand, production ecologization, business structures, entrepreneurial community, ecological crisis, institutional environment, transaction costs, ecological investments.
MODERN ECONOMY CORPORATIVE UNITS SURVEY: THEORETICAL AND METHODICAL ISSUES
The paper is dedicated to development of vertical corporative structure economic condition estimation algorithm development. The paper describes elements of business structures and gives classification of vertical corporate structure investing activity development efficiency estimation methods used in modern economy.
Key words: business structures, vertical corporate structures, corporate structure investing activity efficiency estimation, integration, real sector, investment mechanism, Russian market, innovational economy.
LAND REGISTRY AS A TOOL OF PROPERTY COMPLEX MANAGEMENT
Author analyzed the problems of land registry actuality and unified information system perspective: Saint-Petersburg case study.
Key words: land resources, land registry, valuation of property, valuation of property, real estate register, Saint-Petersburg, property complex.
GOVERNMENT AND BUSINESS STRUCTURES FORMS OF COOPERATION DEVELOPMENT IN CASE OF INNOVATIVE PROGRAMS IMPLEMENTATION
The paper reveals major problems of Russian innovational economy development, estimates contirbution of innovational active enterprises into products and services creation. It is also proved that innovational cluster is the most efficient form for provision of national economy high level of competitiveness.
Key words: innovational economy, innovational program, industrial enterprise, competitiveness, national economy, innovational active enterprise, innovational cluster, innovational products.
BASIC APPROACHES TO THE CREATION OF RUSSIA’S MODEL OF SOCIAL STANDARDIZATION
Author of the article is able prove the need for a systemic approach as a main condition for an effective formation of model of Russian social standardization. The regulatory base for this model should be a federal, regional and municipal legal framework. Application of this legal framework in the implementation of fiscal policy will provide legal and financial framework for the provision of social services to the population of Russia (social security)
ABOUT DEVELOPMENT OF THE COAL MINING INDUSTRY OF CHINA AT THE PRESENT STAGE
Based of the analysis of the energy balance tables, the article points out that the connotation of China’s energy safety is firstly seen as the safety of the coal supply chain, resulting from its energy structure dominated by coal. In the mean time the coal mining industry meets with several difficulties.
Key words: еnergy balance, sustainable development, coal base, low carbon technology.
ABOUT SEVERAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RENEWABLE ENERGY IN CHINA
At the present time China’s government focuses efforts on building a low-carbon economy and developing clean technologies. China implements a national programme aimed to protect the environment and to save energy recourses. Among renewable energy recourses China’s government pays particular attention to the development of wind and solar energy.
Key words: renewable energy, low-carbon economy, wind turbines, solar panels.
FINANCIAL OUTSOURCING AS ONE OF INSTRUMENTS BUSINESS STRATEGY IN INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
The modern enterprise needs a strategy for their own development, which can not be built without the support of information resources. Given the complexity and increase the volume necessary for the production of information, the company is unable on its own solve the issue of providing themselves with the necessary data because of non-profitability and high cost of this process. The best way out of this situation now is outsourced to professional organizations providing similar services.
Key words: information, outsourcing, production process, information management, business model, information flow.
LOSS COUNTRYSIDE OF STEVROPOL TERRITORY AT THE EXPENSE OF MIGRATION OF YOUNG PEOPLE IN THE CITY
The countryside to borrow two thirds of area of the country. One of the actual problems of village is a migration in cities. The absolute share of migrants in cities is youth at the age from 18 till 35 years. The migration reason is socially the economic situation in a country side. The biggest migratory outflow has in areas with a low index of human development.
Key words: youth, migration, cities, countryside.
INNOVATION ACTIVITY DEVELOPMENT WITHIT INDUSTRY SECTOR: THE CASE OF RT
The paper deals with the role and place of regional policy on innovational industry development stimulation in case of Tatarstan Republic. Analysis of government regulation of innovative development principles within a region is carried out as well as analysis of organizational and coordination mechanisms of correlated management. It was revealed that one of the basic reasons of innovation stimulation programs low efficiency level is irrational structure of financing where one can find financial equity but as well the lack of timing equity.
Keywords: innovational development, industry, government regulation, region.
INNOVATIONAL ACTIVITY AS A BASIS FOR INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE COMPETITIVENESS POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
The paper gives a proof that estimation of amount and contents of industrial enterprise competitiveness potential is defined by its innovational activity efficiency, which in turn is defining goals, purposes and results of enterprises’ production development programs. Analysis of Tatarstan Republic enterprises activity dynamics are carried out which had proved that industrial enterprise’s profitability increases in a long-term period in case of competitiveness management system implementation.
Key words: competitiveness, market concentration levels indicators, Hirshmann-Herfindal index, competitiveness factors, enterprise’s activity indicators.
ACTUAL PROBLEMS OF DIAMOND-MINING INDUSTRY AND THE WAYS OF SOLVING THEM
The article is about the problems related to diamond-mining branch in structure of Diamond Complex of Russian Federation. The segmentation of world diamond market is also described here. There is a statistic data on diamond extraction and geological prospecting of diamonds by different countries.
Key words: diamond, geological prospecting, extraction, deposit, world diamond market, market segment.
ENTERPRISE’S PRODUCTION MANAGEMENT PRINCIPLES IMPLEMENTATION: THE CASE OF FARMACEUTICAL INDUSTRY
The paper proves importance of integrated approach use in case of production processes efficient management system in farmaceutical industry which is to be based upon internal relationship of production operational management with other functional subsystems of management with keeping production management priority within farmaceutical enterprise’s management system. The authors is developing a model of production management system which includes marketing, strategy, logistics, human resources management, quality management and other functional subsystems of management which are to be intergrating strategic and operational frameworks of management on one hand and enterprise’s long-term and short-terms goals on the other.
Key words: farmaceutical industry, production management, competitive advantages, medicine, labor rationing.
OIL AND CHEMISTRY INDUSTRY ENTERPRISES’ STRATEGIC MANAGEMENT SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT AS A COMPETITIVENESS RISING FACTOR: METHODICAL ISSUES
The paper analyzes the share of innovations and investments in country national wealth, proves the necessity of approach renewal in case of production strategic management. In the paper an organizational method of oil and chemisty industry enterprise’s competitiveness management is suggested; this suggested method is based upon business processes descirption in terms of IDEF0 notation.
Key words: strategic management, competitiveness, oil and chemistry industry, investment climate, business process, project, fuel and raw materials profile, science intensive industry, strategy, intgrational unit, production.
PRINCIPLES OF INTERACTION BETWEEN SMALL-SCALE AND LARGE-SCALE ORGANIZATIONS IN ENERGY SECTOR
Cooperative relations are useful both for large-scale and small-scale organizations. Large organizations use market and structural flexibility of small ones and their opportunities for innovation. In this article principles of management are introduced, that suggest business relations for small-scale enterprises. We also characterize current state of energy industry as inappropriate from both organizational and technical points of view. Small-scale organizations can participate in market of energy saving services.
Key words: сooperation communications; principles; interactions; the small organisations; the large organisations; a power complex; Savings of power resources a policy; reforming.
CLUSTER APPROACHES IN THE PROCESS OF DIVERSIFICATION OF PRODUCTION
The formation of the cluster model of the development of production is based on vertical (customer — seller) and horizontal (techniques, services, knowledge) interrelations. The advantages of clusters are reflected by the geographic concentration of producers who promote an innovative type of production as well as by the rise of the general competitive ability of all the companies performing within the cluster.
Key words: production clusters, diversification of economy, modernization of reproduction, innovative type of economic growth, investment resources, financial mechanisms of development of clusters.
RESEARCH OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC SYSTEM CLUSTER FORMATIONS: THEORETICAL AND METHODICAL ASPECTS
The paper reveals the essence of regional cluster, defines conditions for regional cluster creation and development, reveals main advantages of cluster economic system management type. The advantages of regional economy clusterization are researched within this paper as well.
Key words: regional cluster, clusterization, competitiveness, clusterization of economic system.
THEORETICAL AND METHODICAL BASIS OF REGIONAL INNOVATIONAL SYSTEMS SURVEY
The paper reveals essence of regional innovational system, researches parity of regional and national innovational systems, analyzes specific features and describes factors which have major influence on development of regional innovational system.
Key words: regional innovational system, national innovational system, innovations, knowledge creation, innovational activity, intellectual potential, innovativity, competitiveness.
A FEW ASPECTS OF REGIONAL TOURISM DEVELOPM: THE CASE OF TATARSTAN REPUBIC
The paper deals with some features of basic operational funds development in the process of tourism and recreation industry functioning in case of attractive from the tourist position region —. The analysis of existing tourism and recreation industry program development is carried out and it allowed to figure out most important measures of tourism development from the point of view of government regulation within the region. Recommendations on increasing the efficiency of regional programs on tourism and recreation industry development are made on the basis of analyzing the results of current program implementation.
Key words: tourism, tourism and recreation complex, tourist cluster, government regulation.
CURRENT SITUATION OF INNVESTMENT PROJECTS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM ESTIMATION REGARDING ECOLOGICAL FACTORS INFLUENCING INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES OF A REGION
The paper deals with estimation of methodical and practical recommendations entity which are aiming on efficiency of industrial enterprise’s of a region resources use rise based upon ecological technology use. Industrial waste market of Tatarstan Republic is analyzed, and the necessity of production ecological efficiency transformation into capitalization factor is implied
Key words: ecological-economic system, investment resources, production ecological efficiency, ecological technologies, industrial waste market, ecological externalities, industrial waste conversion.
Benevolensky S.B., Verigo S.A., Chernova T.A.
STUDY OF THE SUBSYSTEMS OF COMPLEX DYNAMICAL SYSTEMS AND THEIR RATINGS OF THE PURPOSE OF RESOURCE ALLOCATION
This article discusses methods to improve the efficiency of operational management of the enterprise through the reallocation of resources. Redeployment plan is created using factor analysis and data bank of standard solutions.
Key words: enterprise, correlation, rating, cluster analysis, factor analysis.