ABSTRACTS, KEYWORDS AND E-MAIL ADDRESSES OF AUTHORS OF THE MAGAZINE «TODAY AND TOMORROW OF RUSSIAN ECONOMУ» № 34, 2010
THEORETICAL BASES OF INNOVATIONS IN A MODERN ECONOMIC SCIENCE
The world economic science and domestic practice allow to draw a conclusion that processes of innovations are diverse and various in character, therefore, forms of their organization, scales and ways of influence on formation of innovative model of the industry are also different. Proceeding from a priority of competitiveness of the country, for Russia it is necessary to choose those institutes and mechanisms which are capable to combine functioning of economic system with observance of interests of all participants of innovative process effectively.
Key words: innovations, innovative potential, the innovative policy.
DEVELOPMENT AND DISTRIBUTION OF INTELLECTUAL RENT RESEARCH: THEORETICAL ISSUES
The paper is dealing with the proof of new knowledge economy paradigm development necessity. This model is supposed to take into consideration creative and development-oriented type of modern socioeconomic environment and is to be based upon the idea of growing entrepreneurs’ and households’ dependence on knowledge products quantity and quality. The paper also deals with the essence of natural and unnatural rent, defines intellectual rent on the basis of its specific features as well as the types of intellectual rent
Key words: rent, intellectual rent, knowledge economy, innovative approach, competitive advantage, natural rent, unnatural rent, intellectual quasi rent, discriminative intellectual rent, cogitative activity.
ELECTRONIC DOCUMENTATION OF INNOVATIVE DEVELOPMENTS
The delivery of innovation goods will be accompany electronic documentations
Key words: electronic document management, performance indicators, digital signature, the international market.
ECONOMIC RISK: ESSENCE AND ECONOMIC CONTENT
In the article the idea of economic risk is considered and the essence of business risk is specificated. The difference between economic and enterprising risk is defined.
Key words: economic risk, enterprise risk.
SOME PECULIARITIES OF RISK MANAGEMENT IN THE PERIOD OF ECONOMIC CRISES
The article gives analysis of risk management problems in terms of crisis. Special emphasis is put on Contingent Credit Lines used by IMF. There are shown criteria followed by IMF while assessing possibility of credit repayment by debtor –nations. Problems of real application of this instrument are brought into focus.
Key words: risk management, economic crisis, crediting, International Monetary Fund, developing countries.
MODERN ASPECTS OF INVESTMENT PROJECTS RISK MANAGEMENT
In the article investment projects risk management tendencies are analized, which are indicative for modern conditions of national industry development: shortage of innovations life-cycle; risk situations enlargement; complicated financial situation and practical liquidation of project designing base for new products development; risk of global investment problems; some negative expectations based on global recession problems.
Key words: risk, investment project, innovations, risk management, uncertainty, strategic planning.
CORPORATE CULTURE FORMATION AS A UNIFIED SOCIALLY ORIENTED TECHNOLOGY
The author describes different approaches for the definition of the corporate culture, as well as the improvement of the organizational and motivation process of the companies through the formation of corporate culture elements as a unified socially oriented technology.
SOCIO — ECONOMIC ESSENCE OF SMALL BUSINESS AND ITS PLACE IN THE MODERN MARKET ECONOMY
In the article is estimated the role of small business in the socio-economic and political life.
Key words: small business, upgrade the economy, social-oriented economy.
DEVELOPMENT OF SHADOW BUSINESS RELATIONSHIPS REGULATION MECHANISM IN MODERN ECONOMY
In the article the content of shadow business relationships is defined; functions of unformal business in national economy is revealed; it is prooved that institutional innovation, institutional competition, institutional conservation appropriately determine progressive macroeconomic development, succession or plays as a factor of economical dynamics numbers decrease.
Key words: shadow economy, institutional innovation, institutional competition, institutional conservation, shadow business relationships, unformal business.
PROCUREMENT AS AN ELEMENT OF EFFICIENT GOVERNMENT REGULATION OF ECONOMIC SYSTEM
The paper deals with the meaning of relatively new to Russian researches term «procurement». Basic principles of procurement organization, its main and specific features are also defined within the process of economic system government regulation. The paper defines role and place of procurement in national economic system development and as well analyzes some aspects of increasing procurement efficiency in current circumstances of macroeconomic instability.
Key words: procurement, procurement organization, national economic system, government regulation, macroeconomic instability, efficiency.
SOME FEATURES OF OPEN CONTEST WITHIN THE PROCEDURE OF GOVERNMENT PROCUREMENT
The paper deals with typology of government procurement, analyzes the difference between open, close and other types of tenders. The results of this analysis show contemporary problems of government procurement in terms of organizational and technical issues as well as economic ones which can become a basement for improving national government procurement system. The paper also deals with economic results of government procurement which can also be negative in terms of time and economic losses.
Key words: government procurement, tender, open tender, close tender, selective tender.
Nguyen huu Binh
IMPACT OF WORLD FINANCIAL CRISES ON VIETNAM
The economy and the financial system of Vietnam cannot avoid «being shaken» by the global financial crises. There are 3 factors about this impact: trade and Investment, the Economic Growth, The Banking System.
Key words: worlds financial crises, economic recession, trade, investment, capital flow, financial market.
NATIONAL AND FOREIGN EXPERIENCE OF INVESTMENT ANALYSIS ON THE MANUFACTURING ENTERPRISES WITH ITS TERRITORY AND BRANCH PECULIARITIES
The article researches domestic and foreign experience of investment analysis. It defines external and internal capital markets and compares external capital markets of USA, Japan, Germany and Russia. The article also identifies optimal form and structure of financing resources and factors that influence on external and internal capital markets. It identifies the main criteria of investment analysis.
Key words: foreign experience, domestic experience, investment analysis, investments, recourses basis, financing resources, principals of investment analysis, criteria of estimation.
CORPORATE SOCIAL PROGRAMMES MANAGEMENT ON RUSSIAN ENTERPRISES
In the article an essence of business social responsibility according to different economic schools concepts and guidances is revealed; authors’ definition of corporate social programmes as an instrument of corporate responsibility realization which is represented both with content and plan of social activities with definitions of main goals and tasks of social problems solutions, also with distinct definition of concrete events character, gradual and final deadlines specification, evaluation of programmes’ members and their role functions, financial resources on different work stages and budget is presented.
Key words: corporate social responsibility, corporate social programs, levels of social responsibility, enterprise’s non-financial accounts.
Belgorodskiy V.S., Zaev V.A , Katkov E.I.
OPTIMIZATION MODEL FOR BUSINESS PROGRAMME IN SPECIALIZED EXHIBITION PROJECT
This article deals with issues of optimization-based model of business programme in specialized exhibition project. Bi-level mathematical model provides the basis for the algorithm of calculation.
Key words: exhibition, congress session, business program, mathematical model, optimization, bi(-)level programming problem.
MODELING OF VARIANTS OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE AGRICULTURAL ENTERPRISES IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE EXPANDED REPRODUCTION
One of the major questions of economy of agrarian sphere is raised in article, namely models of development of the agricultural enterprises in the conditions of the modern crisis phenomena. Variants of prospects of development of the agricultural enterprises are considered at zero profitability, a self-support and self-financing mode. Calculations of the author show that the volume of grants from the budget provides the level of profitability corresponding for maintenance of a mode of self-financing of the agricultural enterprises.
Key words: production integration, investment policy, the Republic of Tatarstan.
PROSPECTS OF SOLVING THE PROBLEM OF HUMAN RESOURCES POTENTIAL GROWTH ON THE INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES
In the article main problems that define modern condition of social-economic development of Russia are analized; development tendencies of enterprise’s perspective investment policy in aid of its economical growth are investigated; on a basis of human resources potential growth on a scientific and production enterprise investment possibilities factors analysis perspective development directions are revealed.
Key words: human resources potential, investment resources, investment activity, social-economic development, economical growth.
CORPORATE SOCIAL PROGRAMS REALIZATION AS A FACTOR OF ENTERPRISE’S LABOUR POTENTIAL DEVELOPMENT
In the article the essence of corporate social programs is defined as the main instrument of enterprise corporate social responsibility realization; directions of social management by objectives as an instrument of corporate responsibility of business realization are revealed; features of enterprise’s labour potential formulation are revealed.
Key words: labour potential, investment resources, investment activity, corporate social programes, social responsibility of business, corporate social responsibility.
RUSSIA IS ON THE WAY TO THE MARKET OF ECOLOGICAL POOR AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS: PROBLEMS, COURSES, DECISIONS
Ecology poor production develops all over the world. The present situation in agriculture of Russia may become an ideal springboard for way out to the world market ecological poor agricultural products. To increase the potential volume of the market present production it is necessary to prepare the consumers morally, to interest the manufacturers in production ecological poor agricultural products and to develop legislative base.
Key words: ecological poor farm products, certification, profit, price, model, source of finance.
CONTENTS AND FEATURES OF RELATIONSHIPS OF THE INTERIOR AND SUBJECTS PRIVATE DETECTIVE AND SECURITY ACTIVITY IN THE THEREFORE
The paper considers trends in Russia market of services in the field of non-state security — private detective and security activity. The author proposes measures to improve forms of cooperation and collaboration of private security and detective structures with the internal affairs agencies.
Key words: law enforcement system, private detective and security organizations, law state, public safety.
THE ORGANIZATIONAL-ECONOMIC MECHANISM OF MANUFACTURE OF INNOVATIVE PRODUCTION OF MECHANICAL ENGINEERING IN THE CONDITIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF COOPERATION COMMUNICATIONS
The author develops the organizational-economic mechanism of manufacture and realisation of innovative production of the mechanical engineering, switching on four subsystem to which optimisation the method of network planning has been applied that promotes development and adaptation to environment and deducing on new, higher level of industrial and organizational communications.
Key words: the organizational-economic mechanism, the cooperation, the innovative production, the mechanical engineering, the resources, the efficiency.
THE ANALYSIS OF MODERN STATE OF PERSONNEL-REPRODUCTION SYSTEM FOR RUSSIAN AIRCRAFT INDUSTRY
The consistent analysis of modern personnel-reproduction system for aircraft industry is executed in the article. This system includes: the system of higher aircraft-engineering education, the system of personnel training within the enterprises, and science as the fundamental component. The author talks about the urgent problems of higher aircraft-engineering education in Russia. The model of solving the personnel problem by amalgamation of state- and business-made efforts (purpose-oriented contract for personnel training) and its weak points are described. The example of the self-dependent attempt of providing itself with qualified personnel is also given in the article. The conclusions about the crisis of the system personnel-reproduction system for aircraft-industry and the necessity of urgent measures for its rehabilitation are drawn.
Key words: personnel-reproduction system (for aircraft industry), human resources of aircraft, purpose-oriented contract personnel training, state educational standard of higher vocational education, career-oriented campaign.
THEORETICAL BASIS OF INNOVATIONAL ACTIVITY OF MODERN ENTERPRISES RESEARCH
In the article the essence of innovative activity of industrial enterprise assuming existing concepts of different economic schools and directions is formulated; contradictions in innovative relations reproduction content and process are defined; main elements of innovative relations institutional structure are revealed.
Key words: innovative activity, innovative affairs, innovative relations reproduction, innovative economy, strategic management, innovative activity institutionalization.
IMPROVEMENT OF NEW INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS QUALITY MANAGEMENT MECHANISM WITH USAGE OF BALANCED EXPONENTS SYSTEM
In the article features of investment projects management process, directed into innovative production creation are revealed; sources of new production investment projects quality management problems are defined, recommendations on new industrial products quality management, based on balanced exponents system are formulated.
Key words: balanced exponents system, investment affairs, new production investment projects quality management, competitive advantage, strategic management.
ENTERPISE’S INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM APPROACH FORMATION
In the article problems restraining innovative activity development in pharmaceutical industry are defined; traditional and innovative approaches to enterprise’s innovative activity management system are analyzed; actions required to enterprise’s innovative activity management system innovative creation process efficiency buildup are revealed; enterprise’s innovative activity management system approach is presented.
Key words: innovative activity, system approach, external source, pharmaceutical industry enterprises, innovative process efficiency, market infrastructure.
MODERN CONDITION OF INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISE’S INVESTMENT RESOURCES MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
In the article the model of industrial enterprise’s investment resources management in modern conditions is presented. The model of industrial enterprise’s investment resources management in modern conditions includes: subjects of investment relations; price and non-price factors concerning demand on investment resources from industrial enterprise and its competitors; sources, forms and methods of investment resources attraction; eattraction of investment resources evaluation system; formal institutional constrains, that regulate investment resources attracting and usage processes.
Key words: investment resources, investment project, strategic management, crisis, uncertainty, investment activity control.
THE PRACTICE OF TAX MANAGEMENT INSTRUMENTS IN SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES OF RUSSIA
The development of special economic zones in Russia is important in order to address the economic problems of regions. The negative experience of special zones in Russia due to the fact that residents of special zones, using tax breaks, do not have a positive impact on the reproductive process of the territories concerned. The system of tax benefits for residents of areas not influenced by their performance. Analysis of international experience shows that the special zones are one way of attracting investments to develop the economic potential of regions. The new law on special economic zones should contribute to the development of their activities. However, in the literature underdeveloped taxation issues in specific areas. The practice of taxation of residents of special zones for developing ways to provide tax relief without analyzing the feasibility of providing them. In this paper a synthesis of current practice of taxation of residents of special zones. Individual attention given to the replacement of 1 January 2010 the unified social tax on contributions to the extrabudgetary funds.
Key words: special economic zone, the free customs zone, agreement on the implementation of industrial-production activity, resident of industrial-production special economic zone, resident of technology-innovative special economic zone, tax credit, warranty against adverse changes in tax legislation («grandfather» clause).
Kozlov, D.V., Segotskaya I.P.
FEATURES OF THE UNIVERSITY STAFF PAYROLL CALCULATIONS IN CONSIDERATION OF FEDERAL BUDGETARY INSTITUTIONS TRANSITION TO A NEW WAGE SYSTEM AND APPLICATION OF THE INSTITUTION EFFICIENCY CRITERIA
The article covers the issues of planning the higher educational institution funding, and, primarily, the staff wage system assessment.
Specific features of salary calculations for various staff categories (faculty members, auxiliary teaching staff, administration, administrative and maintenance staff) are considered, taking into account the transition of federal budgetary institutions to a new wage system and the opportunity of using the criteria, characterizing the institution efficiency.
Key words: budgetary institution, higher educational institution, staff, staff categories, faculty members, wage system, salary.
Goryacheva О.P., Rostovtseva O.S.
ASSET ACCOUNTING IN THE SPHERE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY
In the article the objects of asset accounting in the sphere of information technology are defined.
Key words: asset accounting; innovations, information technology.
Abdulgalimov A.M., Gabibulaev R.G.
IMPROVEMENT OF THE RUSSIAN PERSONAL TAXATION SYSTEMS
The article is concerned with the problems of the Russian personal taxation system and ways of its improvement. The article reveals social and economic significance of personal income tax. A scope of problems existing in personal income taxation is defined,
Methodological disadvantages of personal income taxation existing in the Russian Federation are set forth. It is pointed to the disadvantages mentioned in Chapter 23 of the Tax Code of the Russian Federation «Personal income tax». These disadvantages are mainly related to provision of standard and social deductions.
The required conditions for property tax imposition are considered. Furthermore it is pointed to a lack of proper legal regulation of the issues related to estimation of cadastral value of the property objects. It is determined that for property tax imposition such documents as technique of cadastral valuation of property, technique of checking results of property cadastral valuation should be developed and adopted as well a cadastral valuation of property objects and information content of state property cadastre should be performed.
Key words: taxation problems, personal income tax, property tax, standard deductions, social deductions.
TRAINING AS BASIS OF DEVELOPMENT OF REGIONS
The article describes the factors affecting the structure of the prepared training
Key words: regions of Russia, training, socio-economic development, employment potential.
CUSTOMS ADMINISTRATION EFFICIENCY ESTIMATION WITHIN SPECIAL ECONOMIC ZONES
The paper deals with some aspects of customs administration efficiency increase within special economic zones by means of implementing balanced scorecard in case of efficiency estimation. During the said process of estimation one should take into consideration legal, administrative, spatial, bureaucratic, qualitative, social and some other types of efficiency. At the same time the criteria of customs administration improving measurement selection should be a complex index based upon summarizing the said types of efficiency.
Key words: customs administrating, special economic zone, government services, efficiency.
MIGRATION POTENTIAL OF YOUTH IN STAVROPOL REGION
This article focuses on migration and migration potential of young people in the Stavropol region. Key passage in the article took the results of a study of the migration potential in Stavropol and Pyatigorsk. The author presents the main reasons for relocation of young people and the direction of migration flows. Also some solutions are proposed to the outflow of young professionals in other regions.
Key words: migration, migration potential of youth, net immigration, alleged direction, reason of movement, problems of youth, demography.